Starter Page 1

Engine
2000 STARTING & CHARGING SYSTEMS
Starters - Excursion & F250-F550 Super Duty Pickups
DESCRIPTION
The starter motor is a permanent magnet, gear reduction, 12-volt DC motor, equipped with an integral solenoid.
Starting system consists of a starter motor, solenoid, battery, ignition switch, Digital Transmission Range
(DTR) sensor (A/T) or Clutch Pedal Position (CPP) switch (M/T), starter relay, and interconnecting cables and
wires.
COMPONENT LOCATIONS
COMPONENT LOCATIONS
ADJUSTMENTS
DIGITAL TRANSMISSION RANGE (DTR) SENSOR
1. Raise and support vehicle. Disconnect manual shift control cable from DTR sensor control lever.
Disconnect DTR sensor electrical connector. Place DTR sensor control lever in neutral position. Loosen
DTR sensor bolts.
2. Using DTR Sensor Alignment Tool (T97L-70010-A), align DTR sensor slots. Tighten DTR sensor bolts
to specification. See
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
. Place DTR sensor control lever in overdrive
position and connect shift lever control cable. Connect DTR electrical connector.
TROUBLE SHOOTING
Check the following items before proceeding with testing:
z
Check battery condition and state of charge.
z
Check cable connections at batteries and starter motor.
z
Ensure transmission is fully engaged in Park or Neutral position (A/T) or clutch pedal is fully depressed
(M/T).
z
Check fuse No. 20
(
50-am
p)
in batter
y
j
unction box.
NOTE: This article also applies to Cab & Chassis.
Component Location
Battery Junction Box Left Side Of Engine Compartment
Central Junction Box Under Left Side Of Instrument Panel
Digital Transmission Range (DTR) Sensor Left Side Of Transmission
Inertia Fuel Shutoff Switch (Gasoline) Behind Right Side Of Instrument Panel
Starter Relay Right Rear Of Engine Compartment
2000 Ford Pickup F350 Super Duty
2000 STARTING & CHARGING SYSTEMS Starters - Excursion & F250-F550 Super Duty Pickups
2000 Ford Pickup F350 Super Duty
2000 STARTING & CHARGING SYSTEMS Starters - Excursion & F250-F550 Super Duty Pickups
Helpmelearn Repair Manuals
Wednesday, November 08, 2006 7:16:22 PM Page 1 © 2004 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
Helpmelearn Repair Manuals
Wednesday, November 08, 2006 7:16:49 PM Page 1 © 2004 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.

Contents Summary of Starter

  • Page 12000 STARTING & CHARGING SYSTEMS Starters - Excursion & F250-F550 Super Duty Pickups DESCRIPTION NOTE: This article also applies to Cab & Chassis. The starter motor is a permanent magnet, gear reduction, 12-volt DC motor, equipped with an integral solenoid. Starting system consists of a starter moto
  • Page 2z Check fuse No. 20 (15-amp) in central junction box. ON-VEHICLE TESTING CAUTION: When battery is disconnected, vehicle computer and memory systems may lose memory data. Driveability problems may exist until computer systems have completed a relearn cycle. See COMPUTER RELEARN PROCEDURES article in
  • Page 3Fig. 1: Testing Voltage Drop Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. STARTER GROUND CIRCUIT TEST NOTE: Make all voltmeter connections at component terminal rather than at cable or wire end. 1. To prevent vehicle from starting, on gasoline engines disconnect ignition coil connector from ignition coil. On diesel e
  • Page 4engine ground cable connections at front cover and engine mount bracket. 3. If voltage drop is still excessive, repair or replace negative battery cable and/or engine ground cable as necessary. Repeat starter circuit test after repair to ensure problem has been corrected. 4. If battery and cables te
  • Page 5CAUTION: When battery is disconnected, vehicle computer and memory systems may lose memory data. Driveability problems may exist until computer systems have completed a relearn cycle. See COMPUTER RELEARN PROCEDURES article in GENERAL INFORMATION before disconnecting battery. Before testing starter,
  • Page 6Go to step 1 . If resistance is 5 ohms or more, repair open Tan/Red wire (A/T) or Dark Blue/Orange wire (M/T) as necessary. Check system operation. Fig. 3: Identifying Starter Solenoid Terminals (Typical) Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. ENGINE DOES NOT CRANK & RELAY CLICKS (GASOLINE) 1. Verify battery co
  • Page 74. Using a heavy gauge jumper wire, connect one end to positive battery terminal and with other end, momentarily touch starter solenoid "M" terminal. See Fig. 3 . If starter spins, go to next step. If starter does not spin, replace starter motor. See STARTER MOTOR under REMOVAL & INSTALLATION. Check
  • Page 8Fig. 4: Identifying Ignition Switch Connector Terminals Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. 5. On F250-F550 Super Duty Pickups, remove fuse No. 20 (50-amp), located in battery junction box. On Excursion, remove fuse No. 116 (50-amp), located in battery junction box. On all models, measure resistance of Light
  • Page 9Fig. 5: Identifying Digital Transmission Range (DTR) Sensor Connector Terminals Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. 8. Perform DTR sensor adjustment. See DIGITAL TRANSMISSION RANGE (DTR) SENSOR under ADJUSTMENTS. If DTR sensor is adjusted properly, go to next step. If DTR requires adjustment, adjust as neces
  • Page 10Fig. 6: Identifying Clutch Pedal Position (CPP) Switch Or Jumper Connector Terminals Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. 11. Measure resistance between CPP jumper terminals No. 1 and No. 2. If resistance is less than 5 ohms, go to step 14 . If resistance is greater than 5 ohms, replace CPP jumper. Check syst
  • Page 11gasoline engine, connect an additional jumper wire between CPP switch connector terminals No. 5 and 6. See Fig. 6 . Attempt to start vehicle. If vehicle does not start, go to next step. If vehicle starts, replace CPP switch. Check system operation. 14. Disconnect central junction box Black 34-pin co
  • Page 121. Turn ignition off. Check voltage between starter motor solenoid positive terminal "B" and ground. See Fig. 3 . If battery voltage is present, go to next step. If battery voltage is not present, clean and tighten connections. If battery voltage is still not present, repair or replace positive batt
  • Page 13instructions. 2. Ensure starter motor is grounded. Engage remote starter switch. Starter should eject starter drive and turn smoothly and quietly. Voltmeter should indicate 11 volts or more. Amperage draw should be within specification. See STARTER MOTOR SPECIFICATIONS . If voltage is lower or curre
  • Page 14STARTER MOTOR SPECIFICATIONS STARTER MOTOR SPECIFICATIONS Application Specification Current Draw Gasoline Normal Load 130-190 Amps No Load 60-80 Amps Diesel Normal Load 230-630 Amps No Load 170 Amps Starter Circuit Voltage Drop .5 Volt TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS Application Ft. Lbs.
  • Page 15
  • Page 16Fig. 8: Starter System Wiring Diagram (Excursion
  • Page 17
  • Page 18Fig. 9: Starter System Wiring Diagram (F250-F550 Super Duty Pickups