Refer to Fuel Injection Line Routing Figure.
The PCM times the intervals between each pulse of the crankshaft position sensor and compares each time interval with the other 8 to determine when an excessive change in crankshaft speed has occurred. This pulse is generated from a 4X reluctor wheel located on the front of the crankshaft. If the crankshaft speed is less than an expected amount, the PCM will increase the amount of fuel needed to correct the misfire. If the amount of fuel exceeds the calibrated value, the PCM will interpret this as a misfire and set the DTC. The misfire diagnostic is used only to identify a week cylinder needing additional fuel.
This diagnostic will only run once per ignition cycle.
Conditions for Running the DTC
• Engine coolant temperature more than 56°C (132°F).
• Engine idling for a total of 90 seconds.
Conditions for Setting the DTC
• Fuel adjustment is more than the calibrated value (internal to PCM).
• Multiple engine misfires detected.
Action Taken When the DTC Sets
• The PCM il luminates the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) on the second consecutive drive trip the diagnostic runs and fails.
• The PCM records the operating conditions at the time the diagnostic fails. The first time the diagnostic fails, the Failure Records store this information. If the diagnostic reports a failure on the second consecutive drive trip, the Freeze Frame records the operating conditions at the time of failure and updates the Failure Records.
Conditions for Clearing the MIL/DTC
• The PCM will turn off the MIL after three consecutive trips without a fault condition.
• A History DTC clears after forty consecutive warm-up cycles, if this or any other emission related diagnostic does not report any failures
• The use of a scan tool.
The most likely cause for this DTC is the following:
• a mechanical failure causing low cylinder compression.
• a fuel leak at the high pressure fuel injection lines or injection nozzles.
• a fuel injection nozzle stuck closed.
If an injection nozzle is suspected, it can be transferred to another cylinder to determine if the DTC follows the nozzle.
After the repair has been performed, it may take approximately 30 seconds for the vehicle to return to a stable idle.
The number(s) below refer to the step number(s) on the Diagnostic Table.
2. This step will help identify a suspected cylinder.
4. This step will identify an area with the most likely cause of failure.